猶他-阿茲特克語系

猶他-阿茲特克語系
地理分佈美國西部、墨西哥
谱系学分类世界主要语系之一
原始語言原始犹他-阿兹特克语
分支
北猶他-阿茲特克語族
南猶他-阿茲特克語族
ISO 639-5azc
Glottologutoa1244[1]
Lenguas uto-aztecas.svg
犹他-阿兹特克语系原始接触的分布
Uto Aztecan in Mexico (current) map (colors adjusted).svg
目前墨西哥现存犹他-阿兹特克语

猶他-阿茲特克語系(Uto-Aztecan languages)是一個美洲原住民語言的語系。猶他-阿茲特克語系主要分布在北美大盆地地區(Great Basin)的美國奧勒岡州愛達荷州猶他州加州內華達州亞利桑那州等地,且一直分佈到墨西哥。“猶他(Utah)”這個名稱是源自屬於猶他-阿茲特克語系的猶特(Ute)族原住民。阿茲特克人的語言古典納瓦特爾語及現代的各種納瓦特爾語也屬於猶他-阿茲特克語系。

原始犹他-阿兹特克语

原始犹他-阿兹特克语
PUA
區域北墨西哥和美国西南部
時代3000 BC
下層重建
  • 原始纳瓦语

原始犹他-阿兹特克语是犹他-阿兹特克语系的祖语。学界一般认为原始犹他-阿兹特克语的原乡在亚利桑那州和新墨西哥州的高地地区,以及邻接的墨西哥索诺拉省和奇瓦瓦省,大致对应索诺拉沙漠奇瓦瓦沙漠西部。它在约5000年前由北墨西哥和美国西南部的中石器时代放牧者使用。

参考

  1. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin; Bank, Sebastian (编). Uto-Aztecan. Glottolog 2.7. Jena: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History. 2016. 

资料

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外部链接

  • Uto-Aztecan.org, a website devoted to the comparative study of the Uto-Aztecan language family
  • Swadesh vocabulary lists for Uto-Aztecan languages (页面存档备份,存于互联网档案馆) (from Wiktionary's Swadesh-list appendix (页面存档备份,存于互联网档案馆))
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